Writing in 1787, Thomas Jefferson framed the ‘newness’ of America as a break not only from Europe, but from urban life as the dominant social model of the “Old” World. Anticipating Frederick Jackson Turner’s argument for the centrality of the frontier, Jefferson wrote:
Those who labour in the earth are the chosen people of God, if ever he had a chosen people, whose breasts he has made his peculiar deposit for substantial and genuine virtue. It is the focus in which he keeps alive that sacred fire, which otherwise might escape from the face of the earth. Corruption of morals in the mass of cultivators is a phaenomenon of which no age nor nation has furnished an example. It is the mark set on those, who not looking up to heaven, to their own soil and industry, as does the husbandman, for their subsistance, depend for it on the casualties and caprice of customers. Dependance begets subservience and venality, suffocates the germ of virtue, and prepares fit tools for the designs of ambition. This, the natural progress and consequence of the arts, has sometimes perhaps been retarded by accidental circumstances: but, generally speaking, the proportion which the aggregate of the other classes of citizens bears in any state to that of its husbandmen, is the proportion of its unsound to its healthy parts, and is a good-enough barometer whereby to measure its degree of corruption. While we have land to labour then, let us never wish to see our citizens occupied at a work-bench, or twirling a distaff. Carpenters, masons, smiths, are wanting in husbandry: but, for the general operations of manufacture, let our work-shops remain in Europe. It is better to carry provisions and materials to workmen there, than bring them to the provisions and materials, and with them their manners and principles. The loss by the transportation of commodities across the Atlantic will be made up in happiness and permanence of government. The mobs of great cities add just so much to the support of pure government, as sores do to the strength of the human body. It is the manners and spirit of a people which preserve a republic in vigour. A degeneracy in these is a canker which soon eats to the heart of its laws and constitution. (from Query XIX).
This section of Jefferson’s only published book, Notes on the State of Virginia is one of the foundations of anti-urban bias in the United States, a nation that stigmatizes the “inner city” as a site of difference, danger, and disorder, while praising rural America as “the heartland.” In 500 – 750 words, please make a case for the relationship between Jefferson’s foundational ideas on the city and Paul Laurence Dunbar’s The Sport of the Gods. Dunbar’s novel has often been described as the first urban-centered treatment of African-American life. Is Dunbar’s novel a product of American anti-urbanism? Does it resist the national bias against cities?
Develop a formal thesis, using textual evidence from Dunbar’s novel to support your position. The core of your response will include a close reading of The Sport of the Gods, with the Jefferson quote providing context for thinking about anti-urban sentiment in the United States. No outside research, save attentive reading of the novel, is required to complete this question.
Link for Notes: https://docsouth.unc.edu/southlit/jefferson/jefferson.html For more information on Corruption of morals check on this :https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Corruption
At Edubaddy.com, we deliver the best essay writing service in USA and guarantee all of our customers that we deliver on what we promise.
Our team of writers is the best in the essay writing industry. We are the best college essay writing service
Once you create an account with us, we will also provide you with a personal account to load your funds. We promise to refund your money if you aren’t satisfied with our products.Read more
As the best essay writing service in USA, all of our work is 100% original and completely plagiarism-free. We use the best plagiarism checkers on all papers that our writers submit. Trust us to deliver the best original orders.Read more
Whenever you submit your paper with us, we always strive to deliver the best high-quality finished orders. What happens when you receive our finished paper but are not satisfied? We offer free unlimited revisions. We also aim for nothing but to deliver only high-quality papers. EduBaddy puts quality first in all papers that we deliver to your account.Read more
It’s important to us that our customers understand that all the information that they share with us is strictly confidential and only used to improve the essay writing services that we offer. We will never share, rent, or sell any information you share with us.Read more
It’s always important that all our clients understand and trust us to deliver the highest-quality papers. We must trust each other if we want to achieve the best end results. We always want to make sure that our customers are absolutely happy with every paper that we write for you.Read more