Project Cash Flow Finance Assignment Help
Most young people in the world today are focused on being entrepreneurs due to the scarcity of employment. Therefore, this makes finance under Bussines studies an essential subject because it equips them with the knowledge that helps in executing their dreams. However, the subject is challenging for many students. Myhomework writers are here for you we offer finance assignment help. Below is an example of a commonly asked question.
Mr Ramli was a founder of business that specializes in the plastic moulding industries. His business has been established in the market since mid-1990s as a privately owned company. The company has been grown steadily over the years with all the profits being reinvested in the business.
Recently, he intended to expand his company by launching a new plastic moulding line. Thus, he needed to calculate the net present value (NPV) of the projected cash flows to determine the attractiveness of the new expansion. His key concern was determining a reasonable discount rate to apply to cash flows in order to calculate the project’s net present value (NPV). Mr Ramli approached a consultant friend to look into the comparable businesses in the same industry’s cost of capital. In this case, the basic idea is that businesses in the same sector often have similar clients, activities, and properties, thus they face similar business risks and should have similar capital costs.
The first step to value the project, Mr Ramli prepared projected earnings for the coming five years. He also prepares projected balance sheet and estimated cash flow. Although the growth rate over the 5-years forecast period was high, he felt that the growth rate will be stabilised at 3 percent per year after the initial high growth of 5 percent at the initial high growth phase. His main concern was to find a suitable discount rate to be applied to cash flows to ascertain the NPV of project.
The demand for plastic products was growing in the country and thus there are a lot of potential demand from other countries. However, the company could not realize its hidden potential as investment in capital expenses over the last few years. Mr Ramli felt the new investment needed 1 to be installed on a priority basis and capital expenditures had to be continued to sustain the growth the firm.
The new manufacturing line for plastic products would involve the usage of eco-friendly plastic ingredients and production technologies such that the final plastic products are recyclable. This is in line with Mr Ramli’s wish to become an Environmental, Social and Governance (ESG) plastic moulding company. Mr Ramli aims to make his company to be the first plastic moulding company to be included in Bloomberg’s ESG rating. Research has shown that ESG rated companies received a higher valuation and have greater access to financing, thus, lower cost of capital.
Mr Ramli wanted to maintain separate accounts for the new projects so that performance of the new expansion could be monitored independently. Through the debt component for the parent company was negligible, the new projects were proposed to be financed with the debt to asset of 30.6%with debt value of $8 million. Accordingly, projected balance sheet for the next 5 years were prepared and can be found in Exhibit 2.
To estimate profitability of the new project, Mr Ramli could easily estimate free cash flow to the firm for the next 5 years from the projected financial statement. Although the operations were expected to grow at a high rate during the next 5 years, Mr Ramli debt that the growth may not be sustainable in the long run and considered a perpetual growth rate of 5 percent per year in cash for beyond the initial five years. The main problem was to find a suitable discounting rate for the company. As the company was not listed in any stock exchange, project beta and cash flow cannot be determined.
According to the consultant’s suggestion, Mr Ramli should evaluate the riskiness of similar plastic moulding company listed in the market and estimate the cost of capital of the company using publicly available information. As it was difficult to identify a single company whose risk profile would exactly match the plastic moulding project, he decided to review the cost of capital of the major plastic moulding companies operating in Malaysia. Since there was limited plastic moulding companies managed privately, the comparison was limited to companies listed in the Bursa Malaysia stock exchange. Mr Ramli decided to use the business risk of these companies as his reference point.
Refer to Exhibit 2 for the details of competing firms. These companies were operating in the same business domain and should have broadly similar business risk and thus similar cost of capital. To arrive the cost of equity of these companies using CAPM (Capital asset Pricing Model). Mr Ramli requires measures of equity beta, risk free rate and expected market rate of return. The Beta (B) of a stock measures the correlated volatility of an equity stock in relation to the volatility of benchmarked asset. A stock market index is generally used as a benchmark. The formula for estimating equity beta of a firm is:
Bequity=cover equity, r market index) Var (r market index)
r equity=rate of return on equity
rmarket index=rate of return of market portfolio
r equity=rate of return on equity r
market index=rate of return of market portfolio
Cov(r equity, r market index)= Covariance from two rates of return
Beta can also be estimated using regressing the return series of the stock against stock market index. The equity betas of the companies were calculated using the daily stock prices of these companies and the value of KL CI stock marke index. Historically, the 10 year government bond yielded on an average 3% return. In the country, interest rate decision are taken by the central bank. Considering these factors, Mr Ramli use risk free rate 3% per year. This rate also closely matched the discount rate of long term maturity trasury bills. Mr. Ramli carried out a survey where market risk premium of several countries were compiled. As a result, Mr Ramli decides to apply a market risk premium of 8%. He was confident these inputs were adequate to ascertain cost of capital of the firm. To keep the analysis simple, he assumed a uniform tax rate of these companies at 30%. Further, debts of the companies including his companies were considered risk free and an identical cost of debt of 3% and 5% respectively were taken for the valuation plan.
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